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The Boise City News
Boise City, Oklahoma
May 10, 1945     The Boise City News
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May 10, 1945

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THE BOISE CITY NEWS BOISE CITY, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1945 A General Quiz ?? The Questions 1. Where is the longest canal in /he world? r 2. Are congressmen required by law to attend any session of con- gress? , 3. Who calls "track" in the sports world when he wants people out of his way? 4. What man signed his corre- spondence and paintings with the figure of a butterfly? 5. Will food cook more qvickly in vigorously or gently boiling water? The Answers 1. In China. It is 2,100 miles long and was completed in 1350 after 600 years. 2. No. 3. A skier. 4. James Whistler. 5. The same. .......I i,-.. i!::!i!::; I' C.OLDEN FL/IKE8 OF / I,V//E;4T AND 8RAN COMB/NED 14//T/./ j delicious NEW breakfast idea Taste it...and you'll agree. Post's Raisin Bran is a magic com- bination! Made from real Post's 40% Bran Flakes, plus seedless ]raisins that stay tender, thanks to Post's exclusive Tender-Sured ]process. Ask your grocer for Post's Raisin Bran~today. DON'T TAKE CHANCES With Cuts, Burns, Saddle Sores! Infections work fast.., on live- stock as well as human beings. Keep your eye peeled for minor cuts, burns, saddle or collar galls, bruises and flesh wounds. Smart stockmen have relied for years on soothing time-tested Dr.Porter'sAntiseptlcOll. Keep it on hand for emergencies and n~ only as directed.., don't gl~ infection a chance ! At your dru~gist's. @n BEtIIN By" PAUL I IM.LON Released by Western Newspaper Union. AMERICAN REPRESENTATIVES FOR F.D.R. PEACE PLAN SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.---Mr. Truman called in privately most of the American delegation to this world conference soon after he took office (several days before the an- nounced conference.) He told them they had their in- structions from Mr. Roosevelt and he did not wish to change those instructions in any particular. His words implied that while he could not go with them, he would hold them responsible for following ev- cry detail of the Roosevelt plan. The plan, of course, has not been made public, any more than was this Truman warning, but it can be outlined upon the highest living au- thority as running along this follow- ing line: We must not fail to establish the Dumbarton League of the United Nations, no matter what its defects, or the limitations placed upon our program. We must do this because our first duty is to do everything pos- sible to see that war cannot happen again. The next war would destroy civilization. No matter what we think the best answer to peace is, we must come out of this meeting with a final for- mula for international relationships. To do this we must give and take, but essentially we must make a be. ginning toward peace. WE CANNOT FAIL We have taken two or three big initial steps (Atlantic charter, Dum- barton, Livadia) and we are now ready for the next. We must suc- ceed in this one. We cannot afford to fail. We cannot stick it out for perfection. We must make some start, whatever it is. This is the explanation behind all recent Roosevelt - Truman inter- national policy developments as well as the official background tone and guide for the conference. In my opinion, there was a time a few weeks back when the late Mr. Roosevelt and his State Secretary Stettinius may have had their doubts about going ahead. Their inability to gain their most important objectives for small nations and full democratic freedoms universally may well have disappointed them, and at that time there was a chance this conference might have been called off. Evidently they decided in favor of the above outlined course, and since then after direct request, Brit- ain changed its mind and sent its Foreign Minister Eden and Stalin changed and sent the equally rank- Ing Molotov. This conference, in accord- ~mce with these objectives, is to be thrown wide open. It Is to be a free forum for airing the causes of the little people pri- murlly. Officially, Mr. Stettlnius has been saying it will last four or five weeks, but is more likely to last a couple of months. Discussion of evel~ything is to be allowed. Every nation will be in- vited to say all it wishes. The Dumba~ton Oaks setup is to be thrown literally upon the table, as if to say to all: "Here it is; go to it." Any hope that such a program can be concluded in four or five weeks is therefore, concededly op- timistic. In the end, if there are "not too many changes" in the Dumbarton proposal, the conference will be judged by this government to have been a success. ALTERNATIVE TO PLAN Now some authorities may well differ with these fundamental con- clusions of the government. The alternative to Dumbarton Oaks is not necessarily chaos or another world war. Rather it is bi-lateral agreements or hemisphere defense or spheres of influence maintained by individual understandings and alliances and substitute courses for peace. These do not necessarily re- quire wars, or make them any more likely, than a weak or im- practical formula for a league, containing, as this one does, the right of big nations to veto any interference with their own wars --and no disarmament. It is unreasonable to say that un- less any specific course is followed there will be another world war, or, as the emotional extremist Mr. Wallace, to contend that anyone who is against his tariff views is "ad- vocating another world war." Russia's excuse for at first de- clding to send an inferior rankin~ diplomat to this world conference was never made public, but it was passed privately and officially to Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Stettinius. The Kremlin pointed out to them that Molotov was not only the for- eign minister in the Soviet setup but the second man of the Stalin government. Stalin said he could not spare Molotov from his side for so long a period Just at the critical time of victory in Europe, and because his government is des- perately shorthanded on diplomats, With Pyl____ e in th___ e Pacific'. Strange Sounds of War Fill Night on Okinawa Intermittent Gunfire Breaks Eerie Silence Below Star.Bedecked Sky By Ernie Pyle Editor's Note: Ernie Pyla wee several dispatches ahead when he met death from a Jap machine gun on le island. This newspaper will continue to print these for a few weeks. OKINAWA (by navy radio).--Our first night on Okinawa was uncanny and full of old familiar sounds--the exciting, sad, weary little sounds of war. It had been six months since I'd slept on the ground, or heard a rifle shot. With the marines it was about the same. I was ta in alon with a head- - gg g g " nt seemed to me as I lay there that I'd quarterscompany oI a regime never known ..... coun anymlng else In my We were on a pretty grassy " life And th "'" " ~out a " ere are mimons oz us. try. The front lines were av thousand yards ahead. Other troops were bivouacked all around us. There were still a few snipers hid- ing around. An officer was brought in just before dark, shot through the arm. So we were on our toes. Just at dusk three planes flew slowly overhead in the direction of the beach. We paid no attention, for we thought they were ours. But they weren't. In a moment all hell cut loose from the beach. Our entire fleet and the guns ashore started "throw- ing stuff into the sky. I've never seen a thicker batch of ack-ack. As one of the marimes said, there were more bullets than there was sky. Those Jap pilots must have thought the world was coming to an end to fly into a lead storm like that only 10 hours after we had land- ed on Okinawa. All three were shot down. As deep darkness came on we got into our foxholes and settled down for the night. The countryside be- came as silent as a graveya~rd--si- lent, that is, between shots. The only sounds were war sounds. There were no country sounds at all. The sky was a riot of stars. Capt. Tom Brown was in the fox- hole next to me. As we lay there on our backs, looking up into the starry sky, he said: "There's the Big Dipper. That's the first time I've seen that since I've been in the Pacific.'* For, you see, marines of this division have done all their fighting under the Southern Cross. where our Big Dipper doesn't show. As full darkness came, flares be- gan lighting the country ahead of us over the front lines. They were shot in shells from our battleships, timed to burst above our lines, and float down on parachutes. That was to keep the country lighted up so we could see the Japs if they tried to infiltrate, which is one of their favorite tricks. The flares were shot up several per minute from dusk until the moon came out fun. It was very bright after that and the flares were not needed. But all night long two or three ships kept up a slow shelling of the far hills where the Japs were sup- posed to be. It wasn't a bom- bardment; just two or three shells over us and I found that passing shells have the same ghostly "win- dow shade rustle" on this side of the world as on the other. My foxhole was only about 20 feet from where two field telephones and two field radios were lying on the ground. All night, officers sat on the ground at these four pieces of com- munications and directed our troops. As I lay there listening in the dark, the conversation was startling- ly familiar--the words and the thoughts and the actions exactly as I'd known them for so long in the infantry. All night I could hear these low voices over the phones--voices in the darkness, voices of men running the war at the front. Not long after dark the rifle shots started. There would be a little flurry far ahead, maybe a dozen shots. Then silence for many min- utes. Then there would be another flur- ry, way to the left. Then silence. Then the blurt of a machine gun closer, and a few scattered single shots sort of framing it. Then a long silence. Spooky. All night it went like that. Flares in the sky ahead, the crack of big guns behind us, then of passing shells, a few dark figures coming and going in the night, muted voices at the telephones, the rifle shots, the mosquitoes, the stars, the feel of the damp night air under the wide sky --back again at the kind of life I had known so long. The old familiar pattern, un- changed by distance or time from war on the other side of the world. A pattern so imbedded in my soul that, coming back into it again, it Spends Night in Gypsy Hideout The company commander. Capt. Julian Dusenbury, said I could have my choice of two places to spend the first night with his company. One was with him in his command post. The command post was a big, round Japanese gun emplacement, made of sandbags. The Japs had never occupied it, but they bad Stuck a log out of it, pointing toward the sea and making it look like a gun to aerial reconnaissance. Captain Dusenbury and a couple of his officers had spread ponchos on the ground inside the emplace- ment and had hung their telephone on a nearby tree and were ready for business. There was no roof on the emplacement. It was right on top of a hill and cold and very windy: My other choice was with a cou- ple of enlisted men who had room for me in a little Gypsy-like hideout they'd made. It was a tiny, level place about halfway down the hillside, away from the sea. They'd made a roof over it by tying ponchos to trees and had dug up some Japanese straw mats out of a farmhouse to lay on the ground. I chose the second of these two places, partly because it was warm- er, and also because I wanted to be with the men anyhow. My two "roommates" were Cpl. Martin Clayton Jr. of Dallas, Tex- as, and Pfc. William Gross of Lan- sing, Mich. Clayton is nicknamed "Bird Dog" and nobody ever calls him anything else. He is tall, thin and dark, al- ~Your 1945 Garden----- Surplus Vegetables Should Be Saved By" Preservation TIME of deepest satisfaction for a'the Victory gardener is when he begins to harvest his crop. For weeks he has been tending these crops with care and watching with interest as the young plants grew and developed. "We had fresh vegetables out of our own garden," is a statement of prideful accomplishment. But even ~t a ~t R-- as it took care in ~ fl ~ EN the preparation and k* ~ *i cultivation of the ~ ~' ~ garden, equal care //~. ~ should be taken in l~/~/v Am harvesting the crop. YIB,'~ * ~ TOO many garden- ers, in attempts to ,o, get larger growth VICTNRY and yield, delay ...... harvest beyond the stage of best quality. No vegetable should be allowed to become tough, coarse, overgrown and unpalatable SEWING CIRCLE PATTERNS Gay Two-Piecer for Teen-Agers Pattern No. 1984 is designed for sizes 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 18. Size 12, short sleeves, requires 3% yards of 39-inch fab- ric; 9 yards trimming. Due to an unusually large demand and current war conditions, slightly more time is required in filling orders for a few of the most popular pattern numbers. Send your order to: before being harvested. Quantity is important, but so is quality. Which brings us back to the time when the plants break through .|_q~ the ground and start growing IS.IS 6vv,m straight and strong and evenly down "~HE Y gay little the rows--the question of thinning flared peplum on the plants, this smooth two-piecer for jun- Don't be afraid to thin cut iors whittles your waist to a mini- your rows. Give the root plants mum. Use big, bright ric rac room to grow. Beets, carrots, for a dashing trim. Smart, and parsnips, turnips, radishes, on- so easy to wear for all your sum- ions, rutabagas, salsify, kohlrabi mer activities. and other root plants should be 7~ ~~ thinned to about one to three inches apart, depending on the ~ size of the root. Tops of ruta- ~ " bagas, turnips and beets which :~~ are pulled out may be eaten as greens. And did you ever eat lrr || fingerling carrots or marble size beets? They are delicious. So the thinning out process will not all be waste. " Sad Disappointment Mrs. Clum--And is it a secret? The sooner vegetables can be used Mrs. Redrier--Oh, no, not at all. after harvest the better their qual- Mrs. Clum -- Too bad! I did want to tell Mrs. Longjaw. most Latin-looking. He sports a puny little mustache he's been try- ing to grow for weeks and he makes A barrel cellar proves satisfactory fun of it. for the storage of potatoes and other Gross is simply called Gross. He root crops. is very quiet, but thoughtful of little things and they beth sort of looked ity. Vegetables, many of them, lose after me for several days. These food value in vitamins shortly after two boys have become very close they are taken from the soil. If they friends, and after the war they in- must be kept awhile they should be tend to go to UCLA together and kept in a cool moist place. finish their education. No gardener who can produce a The boys said we could all three surplus of fresh vegetables should sleep side by side in the same overlook the possibilities of preserv- "bed." So I got out my contribu- ing or storing that surplus for later tion to the night's beauty rest. And use. Those rows of canned vegeta- it was a very much appreciated con- bles on the fruit shelves in the base- tribution, too. For I had carried a ment or pantry are certainly secu- blanket as well as a poncho, rity during winter months when fresh vegetables are high in cost and These marines had been sleeping in many instances unobtainable. every night on the ground with no Most basements or cellars where cover, except their cold, rubberized there is a heating system are too ponchos, and they had almost frozen warm for storage of root vegetables, to death. Their packs were so h ' . such as potatoes, turnips, parsnips eavy they hadn t been able to brmg and carrots. And as a matter of blankets ashore with them. fact except in the coldest sections Our next door neighbors were of the country parsnips, turnips and about three feet away in a similar carrots may remain in the ground level spot on the hillside, and they throughout the winter months. had roofed it similarly with ponchos. These two men were Sgt. Nell An- Save the Surplus derson of Coronado, Calif.. and Sat. George Valido of Tampa, Fla. By Preservation So we chummed up and the five of us cooked supper under a tree Just in front of our "house." The boys made a fire out of sticks and we put canteen cups and K rations right on the fire. Other little groups of marines had similar little fires going all over the hillside. As we were eating, an- other marine came past and gave Bird Dog a big piece of fresh roast- ed pig they had just cooked, and Bird Dog gave me some. It sure was good after days of K rations. Several of the boys found their K rations moldy, and mine was too. It was the old-fashioned kind and we finally realized they were 1942 rations and had been stored, prob- ably in Australia, all this time. Suddenly downhill a few yards, we heard somebody yell and start cussing and then there was a lot of laughter. What had happened was that one marine had heated a K ration can and, because it was pressure packed, it exploded when he pried it open and there were hot egg yolks over him. Usually the boys open a can a little first, and release the pressure before heating, so the can won't explode. G.I. Songsters Lighten Buddies' Cares One of the marines who drives me around in a jeep whenever I have to go anywhere is Pfc. Buzz Vitere of the Bronx, New York. Buzz has other accomplishments besides jeep driving. He is known as the Bing Crosby of the marines. If you shut your eyes and don't listen very hard you can hardly tell the difference. I first met Buzz on the transport I coming up to Okinawa. He and s friend would give an impromptu and homegrown concert on deck every afternoon. They would sit on a hatch in the warm tropical sun and pretty soon there would be scores of marines and sailors packed around them, l]s. toning in appreciative silence. I1 made the trip to war almost lik~ a Caribbean luxury cruise, Going Downl Pop--So you re/used young Costli. man. Don't you know he descended from a fine family? Daughter--Yes, and how hc descended. Whodunit Mrs. Horner--Mary, I see a spider web in that corner. To what do you attribute that? Mary--To a spider, mare. . Dear Me Admirer--I admire your reper- toire. Star--~'es, he was a repertoire on the Blaze before we became engaged. One method of preserving root crops through the winter, inexpen- sive and easy to construct, is called the barrel cellar. Obtain a clean barrel. Cut a hole in one side for ventilation. Dig a hole big enough to cover the barrel well. Place the barrel in the hole, cover with straw shaped into a tepee over the venti- lating hole. Cover the straw with earth about three inches deep. Line the bottom of the barrel with straw and place your root vegetables in the barrel. Then the lid on one end will be set in place and covered with earth. Two handles on the lid project above the ground to mark the place to start digging for the stored vegetables. A similar root cellar may be con- structed without the barrel merely by digging a hole, lining it with straw and covering with earth, The well-planned, well-tended veg- etable garden can easily furnish a surplus harvest for st&ring or can- ning. And the well-handled g~rden will consistently yield produce hav- ing a money value considerably greater than the costs of seeds, fer- tilizer, lime, manure, chemicals for insect and disease control. The home storage of vegetables is, perhaps, of greater importance than canning because of its adaptation to all that portion of the country where freezing temperatures prevail during the winter months. There are at least 10 important vegetables that can be stored. Certain vegetables, like cabbage, turnips, beets, carrots and celery, may be stored in pits in the open ground; potatoes, sweet potatoes and onions are stored to best advantage in cellars or specially designed stor- age houses when temperatures and other facts can be controlled. SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT. 530 South WeUs St. Chicago Enclose 25 cents in coins for each pattern desired. Pattern No ................. Size ..... Name ........... ,..,... ...... .....**. Address ...... ................... ..... LARGEST SELLER AT i~ TWO SUMMER SESSIONS May 28--July 20 July 23 -- August 10 Fall Semester Opens Sept. 4th Expenses low. Privileges high. 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